April 03, 2007
Canadian SRI Assets Leap to More Than $500 Billion Canadian
by Anne Moore Odell
A new survey from the Social Investment Organization shows Canadian SRI assets ballooning thanks to
increased institutional interest and new methodology.
A biannual survey released late last month by the Social Investment Organization (SIO) reported that Canadian SRI assets
have grown to more than CAN$500 billion. This marks a substantial leap from SIO’s last survey which
estimated 2004 SRI assets at CAN$65.5 billion. The credit for this increase can be pinned on
growing institutional interest in SRI practices and the inclusion of Broad SRI strategies in 2006’s
"Many people involved in SRI in Canada
have mentioned to me lately that they feel that 2007 is going to be a real breakthrough year for
our industry,” Eugene Ellmen, SIO’s Executive Director, told Socialfunds.com. “The issue of climate
change is one of the major factors driving the investment industry to look more closely at SRI. A
recent federal report on corporate social responsibility and the mining industry is also bringing
some attention to the role of Canadian companies in the developing world.”
“These kinds of
issues are not going to go away, and pension funds and mutual funds are going to have to pay more
attention to them in selecting and managing their investments, for both fiduciary and ethical
reasons,” Ellmen added.
SIO’s study, “Canadian Socially Responsible
Investment Review,” is based on a survey of money managers and community investment providers,
with data gathered between September 2006 and January 2007. The study has been produced every two
years since 2000. The study’s final asset estimates also include publicly available data on mutual
and pension funds, and trusts.
The report breaks down the investments into Core and Broad
SRI investments following the format of the groundbreaking 2006 European Social Investment Forum’s
(EuroSIF) “European SRI Study.” However, SIO
changed some of EuroSIF’s categories to fit a Canadian context. For example, EuroSIF put simple
exclusions under Broad SRI while SIO placed simple exclusions under Core SRI. SIO also included
community investing, which was not part of EuroSIF’s study, under Core SRI.
finds CAN$57.4 billion in assets that use Core SRI strategies such as screening (combining
traditional risk and return analysis with values-based criteria to select investments), community
investment, and socially responsible lending.
Broad SRI strategies include CAN$446.2
billion in assets that use three main approaches: the evaluation of a company’s ESG performance to
determine its relative under-weighting or over-weighting in a portfolio, corporate engagement and
proxy voting on ESG issues; and sustainable venture capital.
SIO reports that as recently
as 2004 there were very few assets invested according to Broad SRI strategies. Broad SRI assets
include assets from the pension fund sector that are mainly composed of public pension funds.
“The increase in SRI assets in Canada is due mainly in the area of ESG corporate engagement and
proxy voting. In the last two years a number of very large, public pension funds in Canada have
adopted SRI policies,” said Ellman. “They have signed on to the UN Principles for Responsible
Investment, and as part of their commitment under UN PRI, have committed to engage and vote their
proxies on ESG factors.”
SIO is currently urging pension funds to publicly disclose their
engagement activities, as well as their proxy voting.
One of the pension funds SIO points
to for adopting ESG engagement strategies is Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, one of
Canada’s largest institutional fund managers based in Montreal, Quebec. Ginette Depelteau, Senior
Vice-President, Policies and Compliance for Caisse told Socialfunds.com: "Caisse de dépôt et
placement du Québec considers ESG issues in its activities mainly for two reasons: the risks ESG
issues represent in investments and the pursuit of sustainable economic development."
Baitrente, headquartered in Montreal,
Quebec, is a labor-sponsored Canadian pension fund that adopted a responsible investment policy in
January 2005, outlining ESG risks they would like the companies in their portfolios to avoid.
“We do think that engaging companies is an excellent way to promote good governance and sound
environmental and social practices” said Laetitia Tankwe, Extra Financial Risks Manager. “In
addition to this ‘bottom up’ strategy, we are very involved in ‘top down’ strategies such as the
Enhanced Analytics Initiative (EAI)
and the Principles for Responsible Investment.
We think that those kinds of initiatives send a clear signal that things are changing and that ESG
is no longer a matter of SRI and ethics, but a new mainstream way of doing business for everybody’s
long term interest.”
The conclusion of SIO’s report asked if the inclusion of Broad SRI
strategies in the total assets of SRI asset represents a real increase in the SRI market. The
report concludes that it is not fair to compare Core and Broad SRI strategies. However, the authors
believe that the huge growth in Broad SRI is a “breakthrough in the understanding of environmental,
social and governance issues by the investment community.”
Acuity Funds Ltd., Alterna
Savings, Desjardins Trust, Meritas Mutual Funds and The Ethical Funds Company sponsored the study.
The non-profit SIO is the nationwide association for the Canadian SRI industry, representing more
than 400 members that include mutual funds, financial institutions, investment advisors, managers
and consultants, and NGOs and others interested in SRI.
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